The beginnings of the complex of barracks, where in the inter-war period, among others, the 15th Poznań Uhlans Regiment was garrisoned, date back to the 19th century. The fact that in 1828 Poznań became a Prussian fortress had a major impact on the development of fortifications, which also applied to Poznań-based barracks.
In the late 1880s, in the western part of Poznań Fortress, between the village of Jeżyce (then German Jersitz) and the farmstead of Bartholdowo (then German Barthloldshof, later Skryta Street), on the southern side of the current Grunwaldzka Street, construction commenced of modern barracks for cavalry units, intended for the 2nd Hussars Regiment. In 1890, between current Ułańska Street and Wojskowa Street, construction work commenced on the complex of barracks for logistic units.
Although originally built for Prussian soldiers, the buildings were completed after World War I.
On the first days of the Greater Poland Uprising, they were taken over by Greater Poland cavalry units, which later
were incorporated in the structure of the restored Polish Army. The barracks were abandoned by Polish soldiers in the tragic year of 1939, never to be re-occupied again.
In the inter-war period, in the area where currently the Poznań International Fair is located (between Grunwaldzka Street and Ułańska Street, with the northern border being the residential development along Grottgera Street and the western border – residential development along Matejki Street and Skryta Street), the 15th Poznań Uhlans Regiment was stationed.
Once the Poznań Uhlans were sent to fight the Bolsheviks, their barracks were temporarily (until 1920) occupied by the reserve squadron of the 2nd Greater Poland Uhlan Regiment (later changed into the 16th Greater Poland Uhlan Regiment) and the yet being formed 1st squadron of the 4th Uhlan Regiment (later changed into the 18th Pomeranian Uhlan Regiment).
Moreover, the area where the Uhlan Residential Development, the nursery and UBIQ Business Park are now located, which was where the Poznań Uhlans were initially garrisoned, was taken over in October 1921 by the 7th Greater Poland Mounted Rifles Regiment and, partially, by the 7th Military Logistics Squadron. The “Fifteen” kept its officers’ mess (which is currently a nursery).
The other buildings of the logistic units (where the City Park complex is currently located) where given in 1921 to the 1st Armoured Battalion. The complex building sheltered such vehicles as Renault FT 17 tanks and TKS tankettes. Finally, the now shopping mall building used to be a fire station.
Source: Juliusz S. Tym, Koszary 15. Pułku Ułanów Poznańskich, Zeszyt historyczny nr 8 Towarzystwa b. Żołnierzy i Przyjaciół 15. Pułku Ułanów Poznańskich, Poznań 2001.
“One could get from our yard into the fenced-off military area through a special passage. Despite a strict order prohibiting children from entering, the barracks were the place where we had most fun. Fortunately, within the same area there was also the regimental cafeteria, so when you got caught, you could always say your mom had sent you there to do some shopping.”
Recollections of Budzik – Jurek Budzyński, who was born and grew up in the barracks of the 15th Poznań Uhlans Regiment.